Bill Gates: The next outbreak? We’re not ready | TED

Bill Gates: The next outbreak? We’re not ready | TED

SURVEILLANCE & DATA (00:01:51)

  • Lack of ready epidemiologists to analyze diseases and their spread
  • Case reporting was delayed and inaccurate due to reliance on paper
  • Absence of a medical response team

PERSONNEL & TREATMENT (00:02:08) (00:02:25)

  • Insufficient preparation for personnel deployment
  • Médecins Sans Frontières effectively managed volunteers, but response was slow
  • No one evaluated treatment methods or diagnostics
  • Potential treatments, like using survivors' blood for plasma transfusion, weren't explored
  • Failures are due to a lack of global preparedness and WHO's limited mandate

LAURENCE FISHBURNE CONTAGION & MODEL EBOLA (00:03:10) (00:03:32)

  • Hollywood depictions of epidemic responses are misleading
  • Ebola outbreak's containment was due to health workers' efforts, the virus's non-airborne transmission, and luck with urban avoidance
  • Future viruses could spread more easily and be more devastating
  • Airborne viruses, bioterrorism could pose greater risks

MODEL 1918 FLU (00:04:41)

  • A virus like the 1918 Spanish Flu would spread rapidly and could kill over 30 million
  • We have the technological capability to build an efficient response system
  • Tools for rapid pathogen analysis and vaccine development exist, but require a global health system and preparedness

STRENGTHEN HEALTH SYSTEMS & CREATE A MEDICAL CORPS (00:06:16) (00:06:31)

PAIR MEDICAL & MILITARY & RUN GERM GAMES (00:06:43) (00:06:49)

  • Medical resources should be coordinated with military capabilities for rapid response
  • Conducting germ games will identify systemic weaknesses
  • The last U.S. germ game in 2001 showed significant shortcomings in preparedness

R&D [End]

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