CHANGE- Climate | Enrico Giovannini | TEDxLUISS

CHANGE- Climate | Enrico Giovannini | TEDxLUISS

Climate Change and Sustainable Development

  • Enrico Giovannini, a former minister and professor, emphasizes the urgent need to address climate change, stressing the importance of believing in science and listening to experts.
  • He criticizes past leaders for ignoring warnings about unchecked economic growth and overreliance on technology, leading to significant environmental and social problems.

Flawed Economic Model

  • Giovannini argues that the current economic model, focused solely on GDP growth, is fundamentally flawed and must be transformed to prioritize sustainability and well-being.
  • The pursuit of economic growth has led to positive outcomes but also resulted in hunger, obesity, and inequality.
  • The current economic theory, focused on profit maximization, has exacerbated these problems and failed to address inequality.

Sustainable Development

  • Sustainable development aims to meet present needs without compromising future generations' ability to meet their own needs.
  • Cooperation and a shift away from competition are necessary to achieve sustainable development.
  • Giovannini proposes a utopian vision of a new country that prioritizes well-being and sustainability, as outlined in the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development.

Italian Alliance for Sustainable Development (ASviS)

  • ASviS was created to promote sustainable development and has successfully advocated for changes to the Italian constitution to prioritize well-being and sustainability.
  • The introduction of the principle of intergenerational justice into the Italian constitution emphasizes protecting the environment and biodiversity for future generations.

Criticisms and Challenges

  • Giovannini criticizes politicians for not fully understanding the implications of intergenerational justice and invites discussions on climate litigation, future generations' rights, and expropriating environmentally irresponsible companies.
  • He shares an anecdote about being discouraged from discussing sustainable development and resilience by the European Commission, which later used his work to address the COVID-19 pandemic.

Encouraging Action

  • Giovannini encourages young people to work hard to achieve their utopian visions, even if they may seem unrealistic.
  • He criticizes the wealthy for pursuing options like building bunkers or buying tickets to space stations as a means of escaping a potentially uninhabitable Earth.

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