How household income affects educational outcomes | Karim Amghar | TEDxVUAmsterdam

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How household income affects educational outcomes | Karim Amghar | TEDxVUAmsterdam

Kareem's Personal Experience

  • Kareem, a Dutch citizen born to Moroccan immigrants, shares his experience of feeling different despite growing up in a diverse and inclusive environment.
  • At age 12, during a crucial educational assessment, his teacher advised him to lower his aspirations due to his parents' lack of involvement in his education.
  • Despite their limited education, Kareem's parents made significant efforts to support their children's learning.
  • The lack of social codes and cultural capital within his family affected Kareem's self-perception and led to depression and self-doubt.

Inequality in Education

  • Kareem emphasizes the importance of equality of opportunities in education for all individuals, regardless of their background or circumstances.
  • He highlights the issue of inequality in the Netherlands, where over a million people live in absolute poverty and many more face relative poverty, limiting their participation in society.
  • The Dutch education system assumes students come from families involved in Dutch society, leading to high learning efficiency and reaching one's full potential.
  • However, the system is broken for many children growing up in poverty, leading to low expectations and a belief in meritocracy that can make students feel desperate and inadequate.
  • Socioeconomic research shows that one-third of children aged eight or nine are stressed and live in stressed households, negatively impacting learning efficiency.
  • Schools with higher relaxation rates achieve better results, suggesting relaxation is crucial for learning efficiency.
  • Factors like having more books, visiting museums, and having breakfast at school are directly linked to a child's ability to reach their full potential.
  • Stress levels and learning efficiency are inversely related, while relaxation in schools leads to increased learning efficiency.
  • The education system is heavily influenced by parental income, leading to shadow education and the Matthew effect, where the rich get richer, and the poor get poorer.
  • The self-fulfilling prophecy, based on socioeconomic background and educational segregation, can have a lasting impact on individuals' lives.

Challenges Faced by Immigrants

  • Kareem's father's journey of navigating a new country and culture without guidance serves as a metaphor for the challenges faced by immigrants in integrating into a new society.

The Dutch Education System

  • The Netherlands has seven different education levels, which is unique globally and can contribute to educational segregation.

Fixed Mindset and Overcoming Low Expectations

  • A fixed mindset resulting from poverty can hinder individuals' potential, as illustrated by the author's personal experience of overcoming low expectations through high expectations from one brother.

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