The Fasting Doctor: “Fasting Cures Obesity!”, This Controversial New Drug Melts Fat!

The Fasting Doctor: “Fasting Cures Obesity!”, This Controversial New Drug Melts Fat!

Intro (00:00:00)

  • Calories in calories out model is ineffective for weight loss.
  • Exercise has limited impact on weight loss.
  • Genetics play a role in obesity, but it doesn't explain the recent surge in obesity rates.
  • Calorie restriction alone is not effective for treating obesity.
  • Intermittent fasting can help activate the body and increase energy and concentration.

The Obesity Code: Why I Wrote It (00:02:17)

  • The author, Dr. Jason Fung, became interested in weight loss after realizing that the conventional calories in calories out approach was not effective for patients or doctors.
  • Calories in calories out is true, but it doesn't address why people store more calories than they expend.
  • Hormones, such as insulin, play a significant role in weight gain and obesity.
  • Simply telling people to eat fewer calories is not helpful because it doesn't address the underlying hormonal issues.

The Scary Rise In Obesity Worldwide (00:06:50)

  • Obesity levels are rising despite the abundance of information and scientific knowledge about weight loss.
  • Most people and even academic centers still focus on reducing calories without addressing the hormonal imbalances behind excessive calorie consumption.
  • Eating refined carbohydrates like white bread and muffins causes insulin spikes, leading to the storage of energy as body fat and increased hunger.
  • Eating foods like eggs, which don't cause insulin spikes, provides sustained energy and reduces hunger.
  • Controlling insulin spikes is crucial for managing hunger and preventing weight gain.

Obesity Is a Hormone-Driven Behaviour. (00:09:49)

  • Obesity is not simply a matter of willpower or laziness.
  • The body has several hormones that signal satiety and stop eating.
  • Overeating is often a result of hormonal imbalances caused by processed foods and lack of nutrients.
  • The body has a set point for weight and will activate hormonal systems to maintain it.
  • Leptin is a hormone that tells the body to stop eating, but leptin resistance can occur due to processed foods and insulin.

Is This Protein Resistance Stopping People From Losing Weight? (00:18:10)

  • Insulin causes weight gain, while leptin causes weight loss.
  • Obesity is a result of insulin overcoming leptin's effects.

Do We Inherit Obesity From Our Parents? (00:19:05)

  • There is a strong genetic predisposition to obesity, with about 70% of the risk being genetic.
  • Twin studies show that genetics play a significant role in obesity, even when raised in different environments.
  • However, genetics alone cannot explain the recent increase in obesity rates in the past 40-50 years.
  • While genetics influence an individual's risk of obesity, the food choices we make play a significant role.
  • The current food environment, with its abundance of processed foods, contributes to the increased risk of obesity.

Metabolism’s Impact on Body Weight (00:23:54)

  • The calorie in calorie out model is false. Eating fewer calories leads to the body burning fewer calories, preventing weight loss.
  • Dieting can lower metabolism, leading to weight gain when calorie intake is increased.
  • Intermittent fasting allows insulin levels to fall, promoting the burning of body fat and preventing weight gain when calorie intake is increased.

Exercise Doesn’t Help Weight Loss (00:31:51)

  • Exercise burns a small number of calories compared to daily caloric expenditure.
  • Exercise can cause increased hunger, leading to weight gain.
  • 95% of weight loss is determined by diet, not exercise.

Modern Eating Habits & Why We Eat More (00:35:55)

  • American survey revealed that in 1977 most people ate three times a day, by 2003 most people were eating five to six times a day.
  • Snacking became institutionalized after 1977, whereas pre-1977 snacks were considered an indulgence.
  • Eating all the time causes insulin spikes and glucose spikes, leading to hunger and overeating.
  • To lose body fat, extend the fasting period and get rid of snacks to allow insulin to go down and promote fat burning.

The Ancestral Key to Losing Weight That You Made Viral (00:38:59)

  • Dr. Jason Fung is considered the founder of modern intermittent fasting.
  • Intermittent fasting has been practiced for thousands of years but was not widely discussed as a weight loss tool until Dr. Fung brought it into the public consciousness around 2013-2014.
  • Dr. Fung faced criticism from doctors and dietitians who believed intermittent fasting was harmful.
  • Contrary to popular myths, intermittent fasting does not cause weight gain, tiredness, or hunger.
  • Fasting actually increases the basal metabolic rate, activating the body and promoting fat burning.

The Lies Around Breakfast. (00:43:47)

  • The idea that breakfast is necessary is false.
  • The word "breakfast" implies a natural fasting period after dinner until the next day's meal.
  • Eating all the time prevents the body from burning energy and leads to weight gain.
  • Breakfast eaters consume an average of 539 extra calories per day compared to those who skip breakfast.
  • Dr. Fung practices intermittent fasting regularly, with fasting periods ranging from 14 hours to multiple days.
  • Fasting allows the body to use stored calories from body fat, which is a natural and safe process.
  • Hunger is hormonally mediated and is not directly related to the length of time since eating.
  • People tend to be the least hungry in the morning and the most hungry in the evening.

The Drugs Making People Lose Weight. (00:48:50)

  • GLP-1s are a class of drugs that reduce appetite and promote weight loss.
  • GLP-1s work by mimicking a natural hormone that tells the body to stop eating.
  • GLP-1s are effective in reducing weight and keeping it off.
  • GLP-1s are not about controlling calories but controlling hunger.
  • Successful drugs for weight gain or loss are hormone-based because they provide instructions to the body.

The Role of Fibre in Managing Body Weight. (00:52:39)

  • Fiber deficiency is a problem due to the processing of foods.
  • Fiber slows down digestion and prevents insulin spikes.
  • Processed foods without fiber cause addiction due to dopamine release.
  • High-fiber foods are mostly unprocessed, such as beans and whole grains.
  • Fiber acts as an antidote to carbohydrates by slowing down their absorption.

Is Protein Good for Weight Loss? (00:55:06)

  • Protein is not bad for weight loss, but cutting down carbohydrates is more important.
  • Protein is usually not pure in nature and often comes with fat.
  • Protein is not an efficient macronutrient for storing energy.
  • Eating a lot of protein can spike insulin and contribute to weight gain.

The Best Way to Actually Lose Weight. (00:57:05)

  • All foods increase insulin levels, so the solution is to eat less often.
  • Processed foods cause a different insulin response compared to unprocessed foods.
  • Unprocessed foods are better for weight management.

Does Juice Fasting Work? (00:57:55)

  • Juice fasting is less effective than regular fasting.
  • The effectiveness of juice fasting depends on the amount and type of juice consumed.
  • Cucumber and kale juice can be healthy due to low sugar content and vitamins.
  • Fasting activates autophagy, which breaks down old proteins and rejuvenates the body.
  • Autophagy may be beneficial for chronic illnesses, aging, and mental disorders.
  • Fasting has been practiced in major religions for its health benefits.

What’s Autophagy? (01:02:18)

  • Autophagy is a process where the body breaks down and recycles old and damaged proteins and other cellular components.
  • Autophagy is activated when the body is under stress, such as during fasting.
  • Autophagy may have evolutionary benefits, such as increasing energy and concentration during times of food scarcity.
  • Autophagy may help to cleanse the body of excess proteins and other waste products.

Reversing Type 2 Diabetes Naturally. (01:06:00)

  • Type 2 diabetes is largely a dietary disease and can be reversed by changing the diet.
  • Intermittent fasting and low-carbohydrate diets have been shown to be effective in reversing type 2 diabetes.
  • Changing the diet to reverse type 2 diabetes is free and accessible to everyone, unlike expensive drugs or surgeries.
  • The slow adoption of intermittent fasting and dietary changes for reversing type 2 diabetes may be due to resistance to change and vested interests in the current healthcare system.
  • Intermittent fasting and low-carbohydrate diets have strong scientific evidence supporting their effectiveness in reversing type 2 diabetes.

The Myth About “Calories In, Calories Out” (01:11:53)

  • Calories in, calories out (CICO) is a simplistic understanding of weight gain and loss.
  • CICO doesn't address the underlying causes of why people eat too many calories, such as hunger and hormonal imbalances.
  • Focusing on CICO can lead to victim blaming and stigmatization of people who are overweight or obese.
  • Intermittent fasting addresses the hunger issue and helps lower cortisol and insulin levels, promoting weight loss.
  • Intermittent fasting has been a part of human history through religion, inadvertent fasting, and cleansing practices.

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