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The Glucose Expert: The Only Proven Way To Lose Weight Fast! Calorie Counting Is A Load of BS!

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The Glucose Expert: The Only Proven Way To Lose Weight Fast! Calorie Counting Is A Load of BS!

Intro (00:00:00)

  • Calories are not the issue for weight loss.
  • Robert Lustig, an endocrinologist, has researched the role of sugar in fueling various health conditions.
  • Consuming one sugary beverage per day increases the risk of diabetes by 29%.
  • High sugar consumption has detrimental effects such as mental health problems, cognitive decline, early death, and is the primary driver of ADD.
  • 73% of grocery store items are spiked with added sugar by the food industry to increase sales.
  • The food industry knew about the problems of sugar but paid off scientists to deny them.
  • Many people don't have time to scrutinize every food item they consume.

Our Minds Have Been Hacked! (00:01:58)

  • Robert Lustig's book, "The Hacking of the Mind," discusses how society has been sold a bill of goods that has made people miserable.
  • The pursuit of pleasure has replaced the pursuit of happiness.
  • Pleasure is short-lived, visceral, and can be achieved through substances or behaviors, but can lead to addiction in extremes.
  • Happiness is long-lived, ethereal, experienced in social groups, and cannot be achieved through substances.
  • Pleasure is associated with dopamine, while happiness is associated with serotonin.
  • Dopamine is an excitatory neurotransmitter.

What Dopamine Does to Your Brain (00:05:03)

  • Dopamine release in the reward center of the brain (nucleus accumbens) causes feelings of reward.
  • Chronic overstimulation of neurons by dopamine leads to neuronal cell death.
  • To mitigate this, the brain downregulates dopamine receptors, reducing the amplitude of reward and potentially leading to addiction.
  • Serotonin does not downregulate its own receptor because it is an inhibitory neurotransmitter.
  • Seeking pleasure through dopamine can lead to unhappiness as dopamine downregulates serotonin.

Sugar Is A Big Problem In Today’s Society (00:07:53)

  • Sugar is considered a significant problem, potentially even the biggest health issue.
  • Trans fats were previously the biggest systemic health issue but were banned in 2013 due to their harmful effects.
  • Sugar is compared to alcohol in terms of its potential toxicity, with the dose determining the level of harm.

Why Sugar Is Poison To Our Bodies (00:10:28)

  • Fructose, a component of sugar, is metabolized similarly to alcohol.
  • Excessive consumption of sugar, like alcohol, can have detrimental effects on the body.

The Difference Between Sugar and Fructose (00:11:08)

  • Sucrose is made up of glucose and fructose molecules.
  • The food industry claims that sugar, glucose, and fructose are the same, but they are not.
  • Glucose is essential for life and is the energy source for every cell in the body.
  • The body can produce glucose from amino acids and fat through gluconeogenesis if it is not consumed.
  • Fructose, on the other hand, is not essential and can be toxic in high doses.
  • The liver can metabolize a small amount of fructose, about 6 to 9 teaspoons of dietary sugar per day, or about 12 grams.
  • Consuming more than 12 grams of fructose per day can lead to metabolic problems.
  • The average person consumes about 50 grams of fructose per day, which is quadruple the recommended limit.

This Is How Sugar Is Damaging Your Body (00:14:53)

  • Most people are unaware of their sugar consumption because it is hidden in processed foods.
  • 73% of items in American and British grocery stores contain added sugar.
  • The recommended daily limit for added sugar is about six teaspoons, similar to one alcoholic drink.
  • Consuming more than the recommended amount of sugar can have negative effects on health, including metabolic, systemic, mental, and societal complications.
  • Children in America are particularly at risk, with 29% consuming the National School Breakfast Program breakfast, which provides 41 grams of sugar, far exceeding the daily limit of 12 grams for children.
  • Fructose, a type of sugar found in high amounts in processed foods, is more similar to alcohol in its effects on the body compared to glucose.
  • Fructose toxicity is not related to its calorie content but rather its metabolic and systemic health complications.
  • Calorie counting is not an effective method for weight loss.
  • The body's response to food is more important than calorie intake alone.
  • Insulin resistance, caused by excessive sugar consumption, leads to weight gain and difficulty losing weight.
  • Processed foods, high in sugar and low in nutrients, contribute to weight gain.
  • Eating whole, unprocessed foods and avoiding added sugar can help with weight loss.

Damaging Effects on the Brain from Sugar Consumption (00:18:29)

  • Sugar consumption is a primary driver of depression, ADD, and ADHD.
  • Functional MRI and performance data show that removing sugar from children's diets improves their cognitive function and academic performance.
  • A study was conducted at UCSF involving 43 children with obesity and metabolic syndrome, all of whom were high sugar consumers.
  • The children's diets were modified to eliminate added sugar, reducing their daily sugar intake from 28 teaspoons to 10 teaspoons.
  • To maintain their weight, the removed sugar calories were replaced with extra starch in the form of bagels, baked potato chips, and turkey hot dogs.
  • Despite the lack of nutritious food and vegetables, the children experienced significant improvements in their metabolic health within 10 days.
  • Blood pressure, blood glucose, and insulin levels decreased, and their pancreases began functioning properly again.
  • Serum lactate levels, indicating mitochondrial dysfunction, cleared up.
  • The children initially experienced withdrawal symptoms for the first five days but then showed marked improvements in behavior, concentration, and academic performance.
  • The study demonstrates the detrimental effects of sugar consumption on brain function and overall health.
  • Reducing sugar intake, even without weight loss, can lead to rapid improvements in metabolic health and cognitive function.

How the Food Industry Is Making You Eat Crazy Amounts of Sugar (00:22:20)

  • The food industry has been aware of the harmful effects of sugar since the 1960s.
  • The sugar industry paid scientists to downplay the risks of sugar and shift the blame to saturated fat.
  • The food industry has infiltrated various organizations to influence research and policy in their favor.
  • Sugar consumption has tripled worldwide in the last 50 years.

Health Side Effects (00:25:05)

  • Obesity is projected to become the norm by 2050.
  • The percentage of obese people globally has doubled in the last 28 years.
  • Metabolic syndrome can reduce life expectancy by 15-20 years.
  • Sugar consumption has tripled worldwide in the last 50 years.

Diet Coke, Saviour or Villain? (00:27:12)

  • High sugar consumption, especially from beverages, is a significant problem, particularly among the poor and underserved.
  • Consuming sugary beverages increases the risk of diabetes and other health issues due to the body's insulin response.
  • Diet sodas, despite having zero sugar and calories, are also harmful as they trigger an insulin response and alter the microbiome, leading to various health problems.
  • Controlling glucose levels alone is insufficient; managing insulin levels is crucial for overall health.

Sugar and the Impact on Our Organs (00:35:17)

  • The food industry claims glucose and fructose have equal calories, but this is misleading.
  • Calories are not the issue; the problem lies in how our bodies metabolize these sugars.
  • Glucose stimulates mitochondria to work better, promoting energy production and cellular health.
  • Fructose inhibits mitochondrial function, impairing energy production and leading to systemic health problems.
  • Calories measure the heat produced when a substance is burned in a bomb calorimeter.
  • Our bodies do not burn calories like bomb calorimeters; we use mitochondria to produce energy.
  • Glucose stimulates enzymes that enhance mitochondrial function and energy production.
  • Fructose inhibits enzymes crucial for mitochondrial function, hindering energy production.
  • Fructose may provide heat but impairs ATP production, which is essential for cellular processes and overall health.

How Important Are Calories as a Way to Lose Weight? (00:40:08)

  • Most people who lose weight through calorie restriction regain the weight and sometimes even gain more.
  • Yo-yo dieting is not caused by calorie restriction, but rather by insulin resistance.
  • Insulin is the energy storage hormone and is the primary driver of obesity, diabetes, and metabolic syndrome.
  • Refined carbohydrates and sugar cause insulin levels to rise.
  • The best way to lose weight is to reduce insulin levels.
  • To reduce insulin levels, cut out refined carbohydrates and dietary sugar.
  • This will improve insulin resistance and help you lose weight.

Sugar Addiction, Stress, and Other Triggers (00:43:47)

  • Sugar is addictive because fructose stimulates the nucleus accumbens.
  • Stress increases the burden on the amygdala and hippocampus, which requires more energy.
  • Fructose inhibits ATP generation, but people still crave it to mitigate the metabolic consequences of stress.
  • Sugar cravings are more likely to occur later in the evening after a long day.

The Only Foods That Don't Contain Sugar (00:46:03)

  • Real food is food that came out of the ground or animals that ate food that came out of the ground.
  • The food industry has made the grocery store a minefield of processed foods that are metabolically detrimental.
  • Added sugar makes food metabolically detrimental, even if it contains vitamins and minerals.
  • The food industry has an incentive to put wrong information on food packages, so consumers should be skeptical of health claims.
  • 70% of all items in the American grocery store are misbranded or mislabeled.

Food Labels Are Sending Wrong and Inaccurate Messages (00:48:31)

  • Food labels often use misleading terms like "no added sugar" when in fact they contain hidden sources of sugar such as apple puree, raspberry puree, or evaporated cane juice.
  • Kellogg's has been sued for falsely advertising Raisin Bran as having only raisins and bran when in fact the raisins are dipped in a sugar solution to make them sweeter.
  • The actual sugar content of Raisin Bran is 18 grams per serving, while the label claims only 11 grams.

Babies Are Born Fatter Than Before (00:50:16)

  • Studies from Israel, South Africa, Russia, and the United States show that birth weight has increased by 200 grams (half a pound) over the past 25 years.
  • DEXA scanning reveals that the additional weight in newborns is all fat, indicating neonatal obesity.
  • These babies did not become obese due to poor diet or lack of exercise, but rather due to factors present from birth.

Research on Children's Obesity (00:51:30)

  • The speaker spent the first 20 years of their medical practice following conventional wisdom, believing that calories were the primary factor in weight management.
  • Research conducted at St. Jude Children's Research Hospital on massively obese children who underwent surgery or radiation for brain tumors revealed that suppressing insulin release led to weight loss and increased energy expenditure.
  • This finding suggested that insulin blocks leptin, a hormone involved in hunger regulation, leading to increased hunger and decreased energy expenditure.
  • The behaviors associated with obesity, such as overeating and laziness, are secondary to the biochemical phenomenon of insulin blocking leptin.
  • Insulin resistance is caused by sugar consumption, which increases insulin levels.

Insulin Resistance (00:54:20)

  • Insulin resistance occurs when the liver has fat, causing the pancreas to produce more insulin to compensate.
  • High insulin levels promote the storage of energy from the bloodstream into fat cells.
  • Insulin resistance can be caused by excessive sugar consumption or refined carbohydrate intake.
  • Insulin resistance can lead to diabetes if the pancreas can no longer produce enough insulin.

Can We Reverse Diabetes? (00:56:00)

  • Diabetes is reversible by improving insulin production and liver response to insulin.
  • A ketogenic diet, paleo diet, or intermittent fasting can help reverse diabetes by reducing refined carbohydrate and sugar intake, allowing the liver to burn accumulated fat.
  • Calorie restriction alone may not be effective in reversing diabetes due to leptin resistance, which takes years to improve.
  • Leptin is a hormone produced by fat cells that signals the brain when the body has enough energy.
  • When leptin levels are low, the brain triggers hunger and reduces energy expenditure to conserve energy.
  • Leptin resistance occurs when the body has high levels of leptin but the brain does not respond to it, leading to excessive hunger and decreased activity.
  • Leptin injections are not effective for weight loss in individuals with leptin resistance because the issue is not a lack of leptin but rather the body's resistance to its effects.
  • Leptin deficiency is a rare genetic condition where individuals lack leptin or have impaired leptin receptors, leading to severe obesity from an early age.

What Are Obesogens & How They Impact Our Health (01:02:23)

  • Obesogens are chemicals in the environment that can cause weight gain by promoting the differentiation and growth of fat cells.
  • Fat cell number can increase during a critical period before age 2, and once developed, fat cells tend to remain and expand in size.
  • Liposuction removes fat from existing fat cells but does not reduce their number.

The 3 Different Types of Fat You Should Be Worried About (01:03:31)

  • There are three types of fat depots: subcutaneous fat, visceral fat, and liver fat.
  • Subcutaneous fat is the most common type of fat and is located just beneath the skin.
  • Visceral fat is located around the organs in the abdomen and is more metabolically active than subcutaneous fat.
  • Liver fat is stored in the liver and can cause metabolic dysfunction when it accumulates in excess.
  • Skinny fat individuals have a normal weight but have high levels of liver fat.
  • Liver fat can be caused by excessive sugar and alcohol consumption.
  • Skinny fat individuals are often under a lot of stress.

Fruit Consumption… Good or Bad? (01:09:34)

  • Apple juice beverage has 40% less sugar than 100% apple juice and added vitamins A, C, and E.
  • The term "juice beverage" is used because it's not pure juice.
  • Blending an apple removes the fiber, which is the healthy part.
  • Pesticides on apples can be environmental obesogens that contribute to obesity.
  • DDT, banned in 1972, can still be detected in pregnant women's urine and is linked to obesity in offspring 11 years later.

Environmental Chemicals That Make Us Fat (01:11:45)

  • Obesogens are chemicals that cause weight gain by promoting the differentiation and growth of fat cells, not through calories.
  • Examples of obesogens include:
    • Air pollution.
    • Perfluorooctanoic acid (PFAS), found in Teflon and linked to obesity.
    • Tributyltin, used on boat hulls and found in the food and water supply, promotes fat cell growth before birth.
    • Bisphenol A (BPA), found in receipts and baby products, causes obesity.
    • Phthalates, plasticizers found in pacifiers and other products, contribute to obesity.
    • Parabens in cosmetics and vinyl flooring.
    • Flame retardants in children's clothing and mattresses.
  • These obesogens act as endocrine disruptors, altering the differentiation and growth of fat cells, leading to increased obesity.

What Is an Endocrine Disruptor & How Can We Deal with Them? (01:14:16)

  • Endocrine disruptors are chemicals that mimic endogenous signals in the body and cause tissues to behave abnormally.
  • They are linked to obesity, decreased fertility, changes in reproductive capacity, and potentially autism.
  • Some endocrine disruptors can cause fat cells to differentiate and grow.
  • Air pollution and certain chemicals in water are sources of endocrine disruptors.
  • Regulations can be passed to control these substances, but it is difficult to achieve.
  • Tap water and some bottled waters may contain obesogens.
  • Canned foods with silver-colored interiors may also contain obesogens.

How To Identify Real Food (01:17:11)

  • BPA in canned foods acts as an estrogen and can cause fat deposition.
  • Fructose, found in 73% of items in the American Grocery Store, inhibits mitochondrial function and does not stimulate growth or burning, therefore it is not a food but a poison.
  • Ultra-processed food inhibits growth and does not stimulate burning, therefore it is not a food.
  • The Perfect app filters out metabolically unhealthy food items from the grocery store based on individual dietary needs and preferences.
  • It can remove gluten, refined carbohydrates, sugar, and ultra-processed foods.
  • The app helps users make smarter food choices by providing personalized nutrition coaching.
  • Code ce10 can be used to get a 10% discount when signing up for Zoe.
  • Removing fiber from foods, like when turning an apple into apple juice, reduces its nutritional value.

The Importance of Fibre in Food (01:22:20)

  • Fibre is essential for the gut microbiome, not just for humans.
  • A diverse microbiome contributes to metabolic health and prevents systemic inflammation.
  • Fibre feeds the gut bacteria and promotes metabolic biodiversity.
  • Short-chain fatty acids produced by gut bacteria, especially butyrate, help regulate the immune system.
  • Lack of fibre consumption is linked to increased susceptibility to diseases like COVID-19.
  • The food industry removes fibre from fruits and vegetables to extend their shelf life.
  • Ancestors consumed 50-100 grams of fibre per day.
  • The USDA recommends 25 grams of fibre per day.
  • The average American consumes 12 grams of fibre per day.
  • Low fibre intake leads to reduced metabolic biodiversity and increased risk of metabolic diseases.

Personal Responsibility (01:27:02)

  • Processed food lacks nutritional value and does not contribute to growth or energy production.
  • Obesity is a complex issue influenced by biochemistry, not solely a matter of personal responsibility.
  • Blaming individuals for obesity has proven ineffective and perpetuates a public health crisis.
  • Personal responsibility alone is insufficient in addressing the problem of obesity.
  • Societal intervention is necessary to address sugar addiction and the harmful effects of toxic and addictive substances like sugar.
  • The lack of regulation for sugar and ultra-processed foods, despite their addictive and potentially harmful nature, highlights the need for government intervention.
  • Government regulation of sugar is essential to tackle sugar addiction and its societal impact.

Should the Government Get Involved? (01:34:50)

  • The UK government successfully reduced hypertension and stroke by 40% by secretly collaborating with food manufacturers to reduce sodium levels in processed foods.
  • The government can effectively implement public health interventions without informing the public.
  • The speaker is working with a company in the Middle East to reformulate their products to be metabolically healthy.
  • The metabolic matrix, consisting of three principles, can be used to assess the healthiness of food: protect the liver, feed the gut, and support the brain.
  • Fixing the liver, gut, and brain health can improve overall morbidity and mortality.
  • Governments can apply these principles to the food supply, as demonstrated by the UK's successful sodium reduction intervention.

Are We Being Lied To? (01:39:40)

  • Scientists and governments may not always be truthful.
  • There is a possibility that current scientific knowledge will be disproven in the future, as has happened in the past.
  • The pessimistic meta-induction theory suggests that everything we know today will eventually be proven wrong.
  • Dogma refers to beliefs that are taken on faith without question.
  • Science aims to debunk previous generations' dogmas and make progress, even if it means discrediting current beliefs.
  • Science is not a straight line but rather a zigzag, with progress made through the process of questioning and refining knowledge.
  • Even if current scientific beliefs are eventually disproven, they contribute to the overall advancement of knowledge.

The Four C's for Contentment (01:42:09)

  • Connect: Social connection drives contentment. Face-to-face interaction generates a serotonin signal, which leads to contentment.
  • Contribute: Contributing to others with purpose, such as through volunteering, generates serotonin and makes people feel better.
  • Cope: Sleep, mindfulness, and exercise are necessary to reduce cortisol levels.
  • Cook: Eating a diet high in tryptophan (found in eggs, chicken, and fish), low in fructose (found in ultra-processed foods), and high in omega-3 fatty acids (found in eggs and marine life) helps balance dopamine and serotonin levels.

What Is the Cause of All Our Health Problems? (01:47:19)

  • The root cause of health problems is a dysfunctional amygdala, the fear center of the brain.
  • The amygdala is affected by various factors such as stress, ultra-processed food, sleep deprivation, environmental changes, and air pollution.
  • Until the root cause is recognized, attempts to solve health problems will be ineffective.

Last Question (01:49:46)

  • Dr. Robert Lustig reflects on what he would tell his 20-year-old self.
  • He emphasizes the importance of not fearing being disliked and recommends the book "The Courage of Being Disliked."
  • Dr. Lustig's books, including "The Hacking of the American Mind," "Fat Chance," and "Metabolical," are highly recommended for their insights into health and nutrition.
  • His work is praised for saving lives, propelling conversations forward, and engaging audiences effectively.

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