The 5 Biggest Fitness Scams on the Internet in 2024 | Dr. Layne Norton’s Opinion

The 5 Biggest Fitness Scams on the Internet in 2024 | Dr. Layne Norton’s Opinion
  • Dr. Layne Norton discusses the biggest fitness scams on the internet in 2024.
  • Mindy Pelts claimed on a podcast that fasting increases testosterone.
  • Dr. Norton disagrees with this claim and provides evidence to support his position.
  • The carnivore diet is a restrictive diet that eliminates all plant foods.
  • Dr. Norton criticizes the lack of scientific evidence supporting the carnivore diet and highlights the potential health risks associated with it.
  • The alkaline diet is based on the belief that consuming alkaline foods can improve health and prevent disease.
  • Dr. Norton explains that the body maintains a stable pH level and that there is no evidence to support the claims of the alkaline diet.
  • Intermittent fasting (IF) involves alternating periods of eating and fasting.
  • Dr. Norton discusses the potential benefits of IF but cautions against excessive fasting and emphasizes the importance of a balanced diet.
  • Dr. Norton encourages viewers to be critical of fitness claims and to seek out evidence-based information before making changes to their diet or exercise routine.

Fasting Increases Testosterone by 1,300 (00:02:29)

  • A chiropractor made false claims about intermittent fasting increasing testosterone and thinking about lifting weights increasing muscle mass, which lack scientific support.
  • Individuals, especially those presented as authorities, should be critically evaluated, and information should be verified before acceptance.
  • Fitness scams on the internet often involve false or exaggerated claims without evidence, and some fitness influencers use clickbait tactics and fabricate information to attract viewers.
  • Misinformation about autophagy, a cellular process, is prevalent, with unsubstantiated claims about its benefits for weight loss and muscle building.

Autophagy's Feats (00:08:39)

  • Autophagy is a real process, but the claim that it switches on at 18 hours of fasting is inaccurate.
  • Cold water immersion (ice baths) has some benefits like reducing inflammation and muscle soreness, but it can also decrease lean muscle mass in resistance-trained individuals.
  • Brown fat activation through cold exposure is not clinically relevant in humans and does not lead to significant fat loss or increased energy expenditure.
  • Focusing on mechanisms rather than outcomes can lead to misleading conclusions.
  • It's important to consider both the benefits and downsides of interventions and to be realistic about the potential outcomes.
  • Trade-offs can be beneficial if the overall outcome aligns with one's goals.
  • The example of seed oils demonstrates that while they may increase lipid oxidation, the overall outcome on cardiovascular disease and inflammation is neutral or positive when substituted for saturated fat in a 1:1 ratio.

The Gut Microbiome (00:21:35)

  • Gut microbiome research is still ongoing and experts are still learning about its effects on overall health.
  • Dietary fiber, especially a diverse array of fibers, is important for gut health as it helps produce short-chain fatty acids which have numerous metabolic health benefits.
  • Consuming excess calories and saturated fat may have negative effects on the gut microbiome.
  • Exercise has a positive effect on the gut, possibly due to lactate production.
  • Bloating and gas do not necessarily indicate an unhealthy gut or inflammation.
  • IBS symptoms may be linked to psychological stress and disorders.
  • People with IBS may be more sensitive to pain receptors in their intestines.
  • A carnivore diet may alleviate IBS symptoms by eliminating FODMAPs, but it's not a long-term solution.
  • An elimination diet should be followed to identify specific food sensitivities, not as a permanent dietary change.

Inflammation's Benefits & Drawbacks (00:27:02)

  • Be cautious of claims about inflammation, especially those suggesting specific foods or nutrients are inherently inflammatory.
  • Systemic inflammation is often associated with metabolic health issues, while localized inflammation is part of the body's natural repair process.
  • Exercise can increase inflammation, but not all inflammation is harmful.
  • Studies have shown that meat, plant-based diets, and sugar do not significantly affect inflammation when calories and protein are equal.
  • Reducing body fat mass, regardless of the method, usually reduces inflammation levels.
  • Food intolerances and allergies can be mistaken for inflammatory responses to certain foods.
  • Gluten intolerance and inflammation are often mistakenly linked due to misunderstandings about IGG and IGA antibodies.
  • Water retention and inflammation are not the same, and eliminating inflammatory foods may not necessarily reduce puffiness.
  • Confounding variables can affect perceived food sensitivities. For example, someone who experiences bloating after consuming gluten-containing foods may actually be reacting to overeating or consuming other foods in excess.
  • Individual experiences, such as the effectiveness of a low-carb, carnivore, or fasting diet, do not necessarily represent a universal solution or reflect our evolutionary history.

Where to Find More of Layne's Content (00:35:29)

  • Instagram: @biolayne
  • Website:
  • Nutrition coaching app: carbon diet coach
  • Online courses:
    • Physique Coaching Academy
    • Monthly research review: reps

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